About and By Clara Foltz: Biographical Material and Her Writings
From Woman Lawyer: The Trials of Clara Foltz -- Online Notes For The Book
This Note provides citations to biographical articles, book chapters, and websites about Clara Foltz, as well as Clara Foltz's own published writings.
I describe Foltz’s major achievements in a series of law review articles, available at this website as well as elsewhere. These articles contain hundreds of citations to newspapers and other contemporary works, as well as more detailed legal sources and arguments than appear in the endnotes to Woman Lawyer or in these on- line bibliographic notes.
On Foltz’s entry into the Bar, and the anti-discrimination clauses of the 1879 constitution, see
- Barbara Allen Babcock, Clara Shortridge Foltz: 'First Woman', 30 Arizona L. Rev. 673 (1988), reprinted with a new introduction in 28 Valparaiso U. L. Rev. 1231 (1994).
- Barbara Allen Babcock, 'Clara Shortridge Foltz: Constitution-Maker', 66 Indiana Law Journal 849 (1991).
- Barbara Allen Babcock, 'Alma Mater: Clara Foltz and Hastings College of the Law' , 21 Hastings Women's Law Journal 99 (2010).
On her role as founder of the public defender movement with detailed analysis of the legal and social sources and forces shaping her conception see
- Barbara Allen Babcock,'Inventing the Public Defender', 43 American Criminal Law Review 1267 (2006).
On Foltz’s criminal law practice see
- Barbara Allen Babcock, 'Women Defenders in the West', 1 University of Nevada Law Journal 1 (Spring 2001)
- Barbara Allen Babcock, 'Western Women Lawyers', 45 Stanford Law Review 2179 (1993).
On her place as a leader of the women’s movement, see
- Barbara Allen Babcock, 'A Real Revolution', 49 University of Kansas Law Review 719 (2001)
- Barbara Allen Babcock, 'Feminist Lawyers', [Book Review], 50 Stanford Law Review 1689 (1998)
- Barbara Allen Babcock, 'A Place in the Palladium: Women's Rights and Jury Service', 61 University of Cincinnati Law Review 1139 (1993).
On her marriage and divorce, see
- Barbara Allen Babcock, 'Reconstructing the Person: The Case of Clara Shortridge Foltz', 12 Biography 1 (1989) reprinted in Revealing Lives 131 (Susan Bell & Marilyn Yalom eds., 1990).
On the process of biography writing, see
- Barbara Allen Babcock, 'Contracted' Biographies and Other Obstacles to 'Truth': Commentary, 70 New York University Law Review 707 (1995)
- Barbara Allen Babcock, Remarks on the Occasion of the Publication of Called from Within: Early Women Lawyers of Hawaii, 16 Biography 3 (1993).
Babcock Encyclopedia Entries
- Clara Foltz Entry: Yale Biographical Dictionary of American Law
- Clara Foltz Entry: American National Biography—volume 8
The Public Defender and the Woman’s Rights Movement from 1878-1913. This is part of The Women and Social Movements Website [hereafter Social Movements Website]. This is a collection of Foltz’s writings, articles about her, and extensive explanatory comments.
Book Chapters and Other Writings
Clara Shortridge Foltz, Inventing the Public Defender, in Noble Purposes: Nine Champions of the Rule of Law (Norman Gross ed., 2007).
Barbara Allen Babcock, 150th Anniversary of the Supreme Court, 22 Cal. Rep., 1275 (2000).
Speeches at Dedication of Clara Shortridge Foltz Criminal Justice Center, Feb. 8, 2002, Brochure with pictures and text, on life at WLH Website; Installation of artworks in the courthouse, Brochure with pictures and text, Feb. 13, 2008.
Other articles on Clara Shortridge Foltz
- Clara Foltz, San Francisco, Cal. 1 The Law Student's Helper 263 (October 1893)
- Mrs. Clara Shortridge Foltz A Woman Of The Century Fourteen Hundred-Seventy Biographical Sketches Accompanied by Portraits of Leading American Women in all Walks of Life, edited by Frances E. Willard, Mary A. Livermore Charles Wells Moulton (1893)
Other biographical works on Foltz include, most importantly
- Mortimer D. Schwartz, Susan L. Brandt, & Patience Milrod, Clara Shortridge Foltz: Pioneer in the Law, 27 Hastings L.J. 545 (1976)
- Corrine Gilb, Clara Shortridge Foltz, Notable American Women: A Biographical Dictionary, 1607-1950, at 641 (Edward T. James et al. eds., 1971)
- Virginia Elwood-Akers, Clara Shortridge Foltz: California’s First Woman Lawyer, 28 Pac. Historian 23 (1984)
- Nicholas Polos, San Diego’s “Portia of the Pacific,” 2 J. San Diego Hist. 185 (1980)
Clara Foltz’s Publications
- Evolution of Law, 48 Alb. L.J. 345 (1893).
- World’s Fair Speech, reprinted as Our Public Defender 25 Chi. Legal News 431 (Aug. 12, 1893) and The Rights of Persons Accused, 48 Alb. L.J. 248 (1893).
- Duties of District Attorneys in Prosecutions, 18 Crim. L. Mag. (July 1896).
- Should Women be Executed, 54 Alb. L.J. (1896).
- Public Defenders, 31 Am. Law. Rev. 393 (1897)
- San Diego Daily Bee (Editor 1887).
- The Mecca (Editor, Denver 1898).
- Oil Fields and Furnaces (Editor, San Francisco 1901-1903).
- The New American Woman (Editor, Los Angeles 1916-1918).